UK Syllabus













In each country there are five stages of education

1. Early years

2. Primary

3. Secondary: non-compulsory, and covers non-advanced education which can be taken at further (including tertiary) education colleges

4. Further education: non-compulsory, and covers non-advanced education which can be taken at further (including tertiary) education colleges

5. Higher education: study beyond GCE A levels (and their equivalent) which, for most full-time students, takes place in universities and other HEIs and colleges The National Curriculum established in 1988, provides a framework for education in England and Wales between the ages of 5 and 18; in Scotland the nearest equivalent is the 5-14 program, and in Northern Ireland there is something known as the common curriculum

National Curriculum

The National Curriculum was introduced into England, Wales and Northern Ireland as a nationwide curriculum for primary and secondary state schools , it does not apply to independent schools, which may set their own curricula, It ensures that all schools have a common a curriculum.

State schools of England must teach the students a set of subjects which is followed by all so that the nation has the same curriculum

The National Curriculum covers learning for students from 5-16 age and they have set which subject to be taught, the knowledge, skills and understanding your child should achieve in subjects, targets so that teacher can measure how well your child is doing in each subjects and also how information on your child’s progress should be passed on to you

Aims and Purposes

• Aim 1: to provide opportunity to all pupils to learn and achieve

• Aim 2: to promote pupils' spiritual, moral, social and cultural development and prepare all pupils for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of life.

• Purpose 1: To establish an entitlement

• Purpose 2: To establish standards

• Purpose 3: To promote continuity and coherence

There are five stages of education
Age 3-4 - Early years
Age 4-11 - Primary Education
Age 11-18 - Secondary Education
Age 18+ - Further Education (Including Tertiary Education) & Higher Education


The National Curriculum is divided into four Key Stages that children are taken through during their school life.

A Key Stage is a stage of the state education system in England, Whales, Northern Ireland and British territory of Gibralter setting the educational knowledge expected of students at various ages. The term is also used in some other countries such as Honkong and Australia (some states) although the ages at which each Key Stage applies differ from England.

The stages are as follows:

Key Stage (KS) Ages Duration School years (Y) Forms Final exams
0 3–5 2 years (1 compulsory) Nursery, Reception Nursery, Infant Reception Class
1 5-7 2 years 1-2 1st–2nd form infants
2 7–11 4 years 3–6 1st–4th form juniors 11 plus (generally only for Grammar School entry) SATS
3 11–14 3 years 7–9 1st–3rd form secondary
4 14–16 2 years 10–11 4th–5th form secondary GCSEs
5 16–18 2 years 12–13 Sixth form secondary, also FE college A-Levels, AS-Levels, NVQs, National Diplomas

Key Stage 1

Key Stage 1 fits broadly into primary education, also known as infant schools. SATs take place in year 2 (at the end of infants) throughout May. Each child is teacher assessed in Reading, writing (including spelling and handwriting), Maths (including number, shape, space and measurement) and science. The class teacher will set short pieces of work in English and maths to judge what level of ability your child is considered to be.

SATs take place in May and are far more formal than Key Stage 1, hence they seem much more stressful! The tests which are taken in year 6 cover the three core subjects, English, Maths and Science. Very bright children may be assessed by teachers to see if they can reach higher levels. The papers are sent away to be marked with results being available before the students leaves primary school in July.

Key Stage 2

Key Stage 2 fits the later stage of primary education, often known as junior schools. This took pupils up to the standardized break at age 11.

Key Stage 3 and Key Stage 4

Secondary education was split between Key Stage 3 and Key Stage 4 at age 14, to align with long-existing two-year examination courses at GCSE level.

Key Stages 0 and 5

Key Stages 0 and 5 have no legal definition, and are merely used as indicators to complement the defined Key Stages.


Key Stages Core Subjects Foundation Subjects
1 English, Maths, Science Art & design, Computing, Design & technology, Geography, history, Music, Physical education
2 English, Maths, Science Art & design, Computing, Design & technology, Geography, history, Music, Physical education, Language( Foreign Language)
3 English, Maths, Science Art & design, Computing, Design & technology, Geography, history, Music, Physical education, Language( Modern Foreign Language), Citizenship
4 English, Maths, Science(Physics, Chemistry, Biology) Citizenship, Computing, Physical education

They have foreign languages in KS2 and modern languages in KS3. All keys stages have religious education and secondary schools have sex and relationship education


KS School year Approximate pupil age Expected level Highest level achievable by test
KS1 Year 2 7 2 3
KS2 Year 6 11 4 6
KS3 Year 9 11 6 8

SAT (Standards Assessment Test)s - an overview

SATs are statutory assessments carried out by all state schools. SATS (Standard Assessment Tests) tests are given at the end of year 2, year 6 and year 9. They are used to show your child's progress compared with other children born in the same month. The mean (average) score for each age group on an assessment is set at 100 and the standard deviation at 15.

For any age group a given numerical value has the same meaning in terms of standing relative to the group. For example, an eight year old and a nine year old, each of whom has a standard age score of 105, have performed equally well in relation to the average for their respective age groups

A student will be assessed at Key Stage 1 (KS1) during Year 2, at age 7. While the term 'testing' conjures up images of formal examinations, SATs assessment at KS1 takes place in the classroom and can happen at any time during the school year - in most cases students won't even be aware that they are being tested, and assessment will be conducted as part of everyday English and maths classroom activities.

Children are assessed in key areas such as reading, writing and spelling. In maths, child's ability to count, read and write numbers will be assessed, alongside their competency in general problem solving and understanding of concepts such as doubling/halving and taking measurements. The student will not be tested in anything that they haven't already covered in the classroom.

Expectation Levels:

Level Year 2 Year 6 Year 8
Level 8
Level 7 exceptional
Level 6 exceptional Exceeding expectation
Level 5 Exceeding expectation At expected level
Level 4 Exceptional At expected level Below expected level
Level 2 At expected level Below expected level Below expected level
Level 1 Below expected level Below expected level Below expected level

These levels can be easily understood by the level comments given below;

Level Comments

Level W Working towards level 1, very weak
Level 1 Average for a typical 5 year,old
Level 2 Average for a typical 7 year old
Level 3 Average for a typical 9 year old
Level 4 Average for a typical 11 year old
Level 5 Average for a typical 13 year old
Level 6 Average for a typical 14 year old
Level 7 Above average for typical 14 yr old
Level 8 Only available in maths

Examination boards in UK

• AQA (Assessment and Qualifications Alliance)

Previously, Assessment and Qualifications Alliance) is an Awarding Body in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It compiles specifications and holds examinations in various subjects at GCSE, AS and A Level and offers vocational qualifications. AQA is a registered charity and independent of the Government. It is regulated by Ofqual, which is the regulator for the public examinations system in England and Wales.

AQA is one of five Awarding Bodies which are recognized by the regulators of the public exams systems for England, Wales and Northern Ireland to offer GCSE, AS and A Levels in the United Kingdom

• OCR (Oxford, Cambridge and RSA Examinations)

OCR (Oxford, Cambridge and RSA Examinations) is an examination board that sets examinations and awards qualifications (including GCSEs and A-levels). It is one of England, Wales and Northern Ireland's five main examination boards.

• Edexcel

Edexcel offers a large number of GCSE courses. Many subjects are modular, meaning they can be taken at any exam point in the course

• Cambridge International Examinations

Cambridge International Examinations (formerly known as "University of Cambridge International Examinations") are a provider of international qualifications offering examinations and qualifications in more than 160 countries. They are an examination board under Cambridge Assessment,[2] founded in 1858 as a department of the University of Cambridge.

CIE offer examinations and qualifications, which are open to students at registered CIE centres.

• Council for the Curriculum, Examinations & Assessment (CCEA)

The Council for the Curriculum, Examinations & Assessment (CCEA) is an examination board Northern Ireland. As well as setting examinations the CCEA advises the Government on what should be taught in Northern Ireland's schools, and monitors the standard of qualifications and exa minations in Northern Ireland. Current staff levels are approximately 370 with 200 external regular/casual examiners.

• WJEC (Welsh Joint Education Committee)

The WJEC (Welsh Joint Education Committee) is an examination board that provides examinations, assessment, professional development, educational resources, support for adults who wish to learn Welsh and access to youth arts activities. It provides examinations throughout Wales, England and Northern Ireland.

Grades that can be awarded are the following:

• (GCSE & GCE): A*, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, U.

• (BTEC): Distinction*, Distinction, Merit, Pass, Fail.

All grades indicate a pass with the exception of a U grade at GCSE and Fail at BTEC. Most courses at GCSE come in Higher (A*-D) and Lower (C-G) tiers.


The report exolains in brief about the educational system followed in UK. It deeply examines the syllabus and examination patterns in UK. It has also gone thorigh various key stages of respective subjects. It has also explained different board of exam, curriculum, grades. It also gives an overview of the SAT exam conducted at UK. All the information are gathered from different websites in UK.

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